United Kingdom

A Legacy of Innovation

The United Kingdom’s aviation heritage reaches back to the turn of the eighteenth century when a British engineer by the name of Sir George Cayley identified the four forces of aerodynamics – weight, lift, drag and thrust. He went on to create the first model of a modern aircraft with systems for lift, propulsion and control, and to this day is often referred to as the “father of aerodynamics.”

In the more than 200 years since Cayley put his vision to paper, aviation – thanks in large part to the continued contributions of British engineers, scientists, and pilots – has evolved in ways few could have imagined, culminating in the F-35 Lightning II.

The Royal Air Force and Royal Navy plan to operate 138 F-35B short takeoff/vertical landing aircraft, and the first two were delivered to the U.K. in 2012. These aircraft support training at Eglin Air Force Base, Fla., where British pilots and maintainers are embedded with the U.S. Marine Corps and their fleet of F-35Bs. The third U.K. F-35 was delivered to Eglin in June of 2013.

A Revolutionary Capability

The United Kingdom has played integral role on the Joint Strike Fighter since the program’s earliest days. Even before a final aircraft concept was chosen, British engineers and test pilots were making their mark on what would become a revolutionary capability. Under the desert sky at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., British test pilot left onlookers awestruck as he took the X-35B prototype out for its first flight on June 23, 2001.

A mere four months later, after witnessing the aircraft’s impressive performance, U.S. and U.K. defense officials announced Lockheed Martin’s concept would go on to become the Joint Strike Fighter. In the years since, the F-35 has continued to evolve. It’s advanced stealth, sensor fusion, exceptional maneuverability, unmatched interoperability, and intelligence, surveillance, target acquisition and reconnaissance capabilities will provide the U.K. with a tactical airpower advantage for decades to come.